Research on Welfare and Domestic Violence is Alarming;
Researchers have examined the relationship between domestic violence and employment in two basic ways. First, studies document the extent to which abusers take actions that can interfere with women’s ability to work. Second, researchers have examined the empirical relationship between experiencing domestic violence and patterns of employment. Table 3 summarizes results from studies examining the relationship between domestic violence and employment.
Direct Interference with Work Raphael’s qualitative data documented the many ways that abusers directly interfere with women’s attempts to work. Among the types of interference reported were destruction of homework assignments, keeping women up all night with arguments before key tests or job interviews, turning off alarm clocks, destroying clothing, inflicting visible facial injuries before job interviews, deliberately disabling the family car, threatening to kidnap the children from child-care centers, failing to show up as promised for child care or transportation, and in-person harassment on the job. (Raphael, 1995,1996).
Welfare-to-work participants reported concerted attempts to undermine self-confidence that interfered with their learning, as well as continuous efforts to make them feel guilty about leaving children with outside child care providers. Interviews with Welfare-to-work personnel noted a similar pattern of work interference behaviors from programs in diverse geographic areas in the United States. read more
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